The focus of this programme has been dependent on ESA's strategic requirements.
For example, the first call (in 1998) was dedicated to near-to-market development.
By contrast, the second call (in 2000) focused on early-stage development
and innovation-related technologies characterised by high development risk, but also capable of achieving high potential return on the investment in R&D.
"INN" is an ESA Technology Research Programme (TRP) funded instrument, conducted in co-operation with the SME Initiative.
Announcements of Opportunities (AOs) are published on selected topics.
Although the INN programme is open to all, 30% of each AO budget is reserved for SMEs.